The politics of women’s rights involves debate over what the status of women is, what it should be, and what government actions will achieve it. At any time, the heterogeneous U.S. society harbors an extraordinary variety of beliefs about gender. The public debate, thus, is frequently a contest to determine the gender role ideology that will be the basis for policies. Women’s Rights in the U.S.A. describes the development and changes in the public debate about the roles of women in several areas: constitutional law, political resources, reproduction, education, family, work and pay, work and family, sexuality, and economic status. This chapter introduces the vocabulary-concepts, terms, phrases-used throughout the book.