Setting new elements
To the Ukrainian republican authorities, the abolition of the industrial ministries was as much a surprise as it was to the central apparat . Like their counterparts in central ofﬁ ces, the Ukrainian ministries showed little enthusiasm for the new system. 1 Discussion of the reform started in the Party, the Soviets and Gosplan of Ukraine. Of a number of organizational issues which had to be resolved before the ministries ceased their managerial activity, two were most urgent: deﬁ ning the new regionalization and setting a new system for channelling information from peripheral enterprises to Kiev and Moscow. The ﬁ rst issue was resolved almost successfully. The regions were determined, although in July-August there remained unﬁ lled staff positions in the sovnarkhozy and Gosplan of Ukraine. The second issue was not resolved by the beginning of the reform, causing additional difﬁ culties to the new managers and planners at both central and republican level.
By the time the reform was announced, the new regionalization had already been discussed on the pages of the Soviet press. At the end of 1956, in Planovoe khozyaistvo P. Alampiev pointed out that the existing regional net formed in 1939 had become obsolete. 2 It corresponded neither to the territorial nor to the economic complexes that had been formed since then, nor did it reﬂ ect the economic growth of the country. Guided by the Directives for the FYP which promoted development of complex regions and regional specialization, Alampiev proposed large regions that would not cross the boundaries of the republics, but which would unite several neighbouring small republics. 3 With the Sovnarkhoz reform, Alampiev’s project could not be applied, as it would treat the republican governments unequally and thus contradict the republican policy announced at the XX Congress. The government of a small republic would have less inﬂ uence on the Sovnarkhoz which would manage the industry of more than one republic than the government of a large republic where the Sovnarkhoz would not be concerned with the neighbouring economy.