Ethnic violence and crises of masculinity: Lebanon in comparative perspective
This chapter examines the connections between ethnic violence, rural-urban migration, changing family structures and masculinities in the case of Lebanon. It argues that urbanization and the emergence of nuclear family forms have challenged traditional masculine identities. The resulting tensions have been partly resolved by adopting stronger ethnic identities. Ethnic nationalism is shown to have filled the moral vacuum created by the break from the ordered world of rural extended-kinship structures, and to have helped resolve difficult tensions within the urban nuclear family.