chapter  2
Region-building and Definitions of “The Arctic”
Pages 28

The development of the present international “Arctic” region has been a typical region-building response to globalizing forces; it is international region development on a scale for which integrated cooperation would not previously have been manageable. Region-building was here a rather novel development, as previous agreements specifically for the Arctic were few and narrow in scope (such as fur seal and polar bear protection conventions). Accordingly, the selection of actors has largely been based on historical views of the Arctic as an area of exploration and conflict. Its special direction and content have been supplied by the networks that identified with the symbol of the Arctic, so to speak, an “Arctic label.”