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Cross-border Cooperation in the Upper Adriatic

The Upper Adriatic is a relatively small area, extending from the Carnian and Julian Alps to the Gulf of Trieste, a distance of only 100 kilometres, but it represents a unique space of contact between different cultural and political units. It combines Alpine and Mediterranean regions, the Padanian plain and the Dinaric mountains, and also German, Slovene, Friulian, Italian and Croatian linguistic areas. In fact, this is the only part of Europe where the three major European cultural areas-the Romance, the Germanic, and the Slavic-meet, intersect and interact. The Upper Adriatic is thus an unusual multicultural region on the EU’s present periphery, and perhaps represents a model for the rest of the EU.