The aim of this chapter is fi rstly to introduce the idea of educational confusion as expressed initially by Dewey, and then also by Cuban, Goodlad, Kliebard and Schiro. Each of these authors is concerned with the various and seemingly opposing forces that have confl icted over numerous years in the broad sphere of education. Such confl ict is managed in a practical way via compromises, but these never resolve the underlying confusion. In order to approach this problem so as to fi nd a way out, philosophy is required, specifi cally a sound philosophy of experience. Dewey brings his considerable philosophical talents to bear on this task, supported by the work of Peirce.