chapter  3
Who wins, who loses? Backpacker tourism and economic development
Pages 23

Since the earliest days of travel in the classical empires of Greece and Rome –

whether for trade, diplomacy, education, or later, leisure – there has been a local

economic impact on the host communities. In Chapter 1 we saw that the overland

route to South Asia from the 1960s started to have local economic effects as the

flow of young western overland travellers grew into significant numbers through

the 1970s. Despite the effective closure of the main overland routes to South Asia

from Europe in the late 1970s and early 1980s, we discussed how the growth in

cheap long-haul air travel facilitated the rise of backpacker tourism.