Policy implications and conclusions
Over the course of the book we have explored in some detail several different
aspects of the phenomenon of backpacker tourism in Less Developed Countries.
The first chapter began by examining the historical origins of modern-day back-
packers, from the early overland travellers in the 1960s and 1970s to the emer-
gence of the modern backpackers in the 1980s. More recent trends were also
discussed, particularly the growing market fragmentation with, on the one hand, a
trend to the massification of youth travel, and on the other, new smaller segments
of a ‘hard core’ of backpackers, more upmarket flashpackers, and also older back-
packers (‘greypackers’). Chapter 2 then looked at social and cultural aspects of the
backpackers, the subculture and the social construction of identity. We discussed
the rise and continuing significance for backpackers, and therefore for their host
destinations, of certain specialist guidebooks, such as Lonely Planet, and more
recently their websites, and the changing role of information technologies.