chapter  1
26 Pages


One of the most intriguing features of the human population of the planet Earth is the remarkable uniformity with which its different subgroups have organized their societal life. The Earthlings themselves pay a lot of attention to their numerous internal conflicts and tensions, which is why isomorphism between the competing and warring groups is often ignored. On the other hand, the strife between these groups makes the similarities between them even more mysterious. The Earthlings are divided into clans called nations, which are in many respects replicas of each other. They have a government, the usual ministries and agencies, and they apply the same global standards in, say, analyzing the economy or counting and classifying the population (J. W. Meyer, Boli, Thomas, & Ramirez, 1997, pp. 145-146). All these nations also have a flag and a national anthem, which represents the 19th and 20th century European musical tradition. In most cases you can also find certain cultural institutions such as art museums, theatres, or symphony orchestras, which have become emblems of modern nations (Adams, 1999, 2010; Alasuutari, 2001, 2009a). Thus the Earthlings obviously form a single global culture, a tribe who take pride in calling themselves modern.