The formation, spread, and use of world models
In the previous chapters I have pointed out that moderns are a truly global tribe that has been able to rearrange the organizational structures of the entire globe in the image of the conceptual grid of moderns’ culture. Wherever you go on this planet, you will be in a national state, with the same basic institutions in place at least on paper, and local conditions such as a “collapsed state” cannot escape being conceptualized and positioned within world culture and society. Yet the dominant way to think of the global system is to talk about globalization: a process through which global interconnectedness is being formed. In talking about it the discussants have referred to an increased number of ways in which people living in different parts of the globe are in direct or indirect contact with each other and hence also dependent on each other’s behavior. This can be measured, for instance, by an increase in the flow of goods, capital, services, people, and ideas across borders. Consequently, a global spread of ideas is seen as instances in which a “world model” is introduced to people thus far ignorant of it, so that this diffusion of concepts or models from the innovators or donors, for instance economists at top universities, to recipients the world becomes increasingly homogeneous.