This book is about rape work-chiefly labor involved in doing something to, for, or with victims after they report being sexually assaulted. It asks why society’s representatives continue to commit a second assault of rape victims, twenty-five years after feminists labeled the problem and suggested ways to prevent it. This book offers an answer: the organizations where they work and the jobs they hold demand it. Many people who work with rape victims are required to act in ways that although understandable from an employer’s perspective, do harm to victims. One important reason is that rape victims fail to fit the standard categories of mainstream organizations.