Zoltán Kodály
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During the first half of the 20th century, Kodály was in the van-guard of contemporary musical thought in his rejection oflate-19th-century styles, his desire to build an identifiable corpus of music based on his own national culture, and the incorporation of those native musical elements into his own creative works. He succeeded in these efforts through his activities as a scholar of folk song, an educator who played a seminal role in redefining music instruction in Hungary and around the world, and a composer who summarized in his works for the school and concert hall many centuries of European music.