Whether prospective immigrants intended to arrive under a family reunification visa or under an employment-based visa, they had to show that they did not fall within one of the several grounds for exclusion. There were many reasons why persons could not immigrate to the United States: before the Act of 1990, there were more than thirty specific reasons. The Act of 1990 listed nine, which were now listed under amended §212 of the Immigration and Nationality Act.1 Most of the grounds for exclusion can be dealt with quickly here. All are as illuminating as the grounds for immigration admissions, for they tell us a great deal about the type of persons considered deviant in American society. More importantly, they help us see a recurring theme: persons conceived as burdensome economically should not be admitted.