chapter  3
The Pragmatics of International History
Pages 18

One of the more welcome recent developments in the American study of international relations is that Adda Bozeman’s Politics and Culture in International History is back in print.1 Scholars are rereading and increasingly citing it, along with Hedley Bull and Adam Watson’s The Expansion of International Society,Watson’sThe Evolution of International Society; other works from the British school, Edward Said’s Culture and Imperialism; Francis Fukuyama’s The End of History and the Last Man, Michael Doyle’s Empires, and articles published in Ethics and International Affairs, an important journal focused on historical, cultural, and normative issues.2 Students of international relations have also rediscovered the metahistorical writings of William McNeill.3 They are studying the sociohistorical work of Fernand Braudel and otherwritings of the Annales school, and they are showing considerable interest in Paul Kennedy’s contributions at the interface between history and theory.4 There is even today some modest new attention being paid to Arnold Toynbee.5 All of this suggests a growing interest in the history of international relations, a core subject in the curricula of European universities, but one that is seldom taught in the United States. Broadly construed, the history of international relations is the history of relations among states and peoples, which appropriately defines the subject as the history of interacting cultures.