chapter  7
30 Pages

The minor indicative auxiliary verbs of Tamil

BySanford B. Steever

This chapter analyzes the minor indicative auxiliaries of Tamil, which may be characterized as simple in that they neither exhibit the range of circumstantial readings of the auxiliaries in nor encode the verbal category of attitude of the auxiliaries. Some speakers who are unable to find an appropriate context might deem unacceptable; Annamalai, for example, argues that aka modifies only change of state verbs with a positive outcome, a constraint which would effectively stigmatize as ungrammatical. The affective version appears to possess more auxiliary characteristics than its effective counterpart. While future research will doubtless refine various details of these auxiliaries and their lexical properties, we have provided a framework for their analysis in terms of verbal categories.