Resistance: internal and external
The Resistance’, as a phrase, is a misnomer. There was not one, singular ‘resistance’; rather, and far more accurately, there were thousands of ‘resistances’, plural. This is just one of the myths surrounding the history of the Resistance that needs to be consideredand dispelled. Another is that the Resistance equated, simply, to de Gaulle.2 This is an entirely false contention-the Resistance was, and still is, a difficult and complex phenomenon to try to understand. Resistance activity was secretive and sometimes mysterious; hence, historians have often been thwarted in their efforts to locate, and comprehend, the true nature and essence of the French resistance.