chapter  1
Divine Command Theory and The Shared Moral Universe of God and Humanity: the analytical framework of the project
Pages 23

In a celebrated passage in Plato’s Euthyphro, Socrates poses the following question: ‘Is what is holy holy because the gods approve it, or do they approve it because it is holy?’1

The contemporary philosophical literature tends to recast Socrates’s query, which it terms ‘the Euthyphro dilemma’, in monotheistic and more modern terminology. The horns of the dilemma are then refashioned in the following kind of way: is it the case that

(1) an act is right because God commanded (or wanted or willed or approved) it, or alternatively, is it the case that

(2) God commanded (or wanted or willed or approved) this act because it is right?2