The insurance cartogram (Figure 4.6e) has a regional focus similar to that of the management consultancy pattern but with different details within the regions. Thus, there is the same core-zone ordering of where cities are most dependent on insurance: ﬁrst northern America, followed by Western Europe and then Paciﬁc Asia. The two main regional differences with Figures 4.6c and 4.6d are that Paciﬁc Asian cities are more prominent and Eastern Europe has no showings. There are international ﬁnancial centres featuring prominently, notably Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Geneva and Hamilton (Bermuda), but the main characteristic is the tendency for lower-connected cities to have their global network connectivity heavily dependent on insurance. This is particularly a feature in the United States.