Archipelagic Southeast Asia: India’s strategic relationships with Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia
Archipelagic Southeast Asia, which principally consists of Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, forms the gateway between the Indian and Paciﬁc Oceans. Over the last two decades, India has sought to develop a strategic role in the area as a counterweight to China and to provide it with a strategic stepping stone into the Paciﬁc Ocean. Singapore has quickly positioned itself as the hub of India’s strategic engagement in the region. India has also been trying, with varying degrees of success, to improve its relationswithMalaysia and Indonesia. What are the future trajectories of these relationships? What are the potential implications for an Indian sphere of inﬂuence that reaches into Southeast Asia?