Modern mothers’ inheritance (1): past practice, provision and policy
Later in this book I focus on the policy processes and the employment of nondecisionmaking in the specific context of Scottish local government. However, such policymaking (or otherwise) does not occur in a political, let alone a social, vacuum. Hogwood and Gunn (1984) argue that the existence of certain factors can affect how an issue is received and treated by both the decision-making body and society: for example an issue can benefit from fashionability, public identification with the subject or simply from frequent recurrence. Similarly, an issue may be adversely affected by poor articulation, a lack of public sympathy, a deficiency of data, being overly technical or due to the existence of a counter consensus. These factors, amongst others, impinge on the acceptability of an issue for policy-makers and for the public. In Chapter 1, I outlined the barriers facing a policy in its development from structural setting to implementation, these will be further addressed and discussed later in the context of particular policy developments. However, at this point it is worthwhile to consider the context of childcare policy-making today, which requires an examination of the historical inheritance and experience of mothers, women workers and policies.