chapter  3
27 Pages


The nature and intensity of economic activity in Uzbekistan has undergone important developments in the twentieth century; however, despite such change the basic structure of the economy remains in essence the same as it has for centuries. Today, the vast majority of the labour force is engaged in agriculture and this remains the core sector of the national economy. Under Russian and Soviet rule, cotton became the dominant agricultural product in the region and in the 1990s the cotton crop continues to provide the foundation for the whole economy of Uzbekistan.