chapter  6
The Jung Wandervogel (JWV) and the Female Settlements Schwarzerden and Loheland
Pages 20

At the turn of the twentieth century, idealism and a wish to leave the cities for a rural life of community, to create a new environment and a new way of life, was felt not only by women (women settlements were fairly new) but a variety of people. Intellectuals, artists, eccentrics, and those harbouring a vision of political utopias, mostly from middle-class backgrounds, moved to the countryside, to spaces they considered to be far from civilization, in order to experience and create an alternative life-style. This fl ight from urban life, from modernity, went hand in hand with an idealizing of the countryside, nature, of ‘primitive’ culture, of what was considered to be original and unspoilt, such as villages, country life, farming communities, manual labour, the land.1