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INTRODUCTION

HISTORIANS AND THE ROMAN ARMY Historians' views on the subject have evolved. In the nineteenth century they considered events to be of prime importance, writing 'battle-history'. From this perspective it would be necessary to relate the Teutoburgwald affair in minute detail. On the other hand, in the mid-twentieth century the Annales school of historians focused on the quantitative and social aspects. From this angle, Varus' army should be described without virtually any mention of the ambush in which it was destroyed. Today we consider that the 'structures' (recruitment, tactics, etc) are of fundamental importance, of course, but evolution is not neglected, while every effort is made to situate events, major conflicts and even battles exactly.