The second way to enhance rigor in your classroom is to increase the complexity of your assignments. To do so, we need to shift our attention from isolated facts to application of knowledge. We often spend too much time on recitation of facts and figures or repetitious practice. Students need to learn facts, and they need to practice using that information. However, memorization and rote practice do not lead to higher levels of comprehension. Increasing complexity means moving beyond activities that require students to recall information to asking students to apply that knowledge in multifaceted ways. We will look at five specific ways to increase complexity in your instruction.