chapter  II
19 Pages

What Science and Religion Are

What do we mean by science and religion, and how may they be differentiated? How can or should such a question be answered, i.e., what criteria should an answer meet if it is to be satisfactory? This latter question is especially important for our purposes because many definitions and conceptions current today are not in my opinion satisfactory-especially those that are too narrow. Thus science is often identified simply with the sum total of its subject matter content, the aggregate of its ideas, laws, principles and theories-nothing more. As a distinguished physicist once said, “Physics is what can be expressed by its partial differential equations. Everything else is external to it.” This seems quite inadequate to me, and so do similarly restricted conceptions of religion.