MICHAEL FARADAY, 1791-1867
FARADA Y was the greatest physicist of the nine-teenth century and the greatest of all experimental investigators of physical nature. He is a member of the small class of supreme scientists, which includes Archimedes, Galileo, Newton, Lavoisier and Darwin. Einstein has said that the history of physical science contains two couples of equal magnitude: Galileo and Newton, and Faraday and Clerk Maxwell. This is not one of the less interesting of Einstein's equations. From it one can deduce an instructive result. No one would allow that even the wonderful Clerk Maxwell was as great a scientist as Newton. If the Faraday-Maxwell couple is to equal the Galileo-Newton couple Faraday must be accounted a greater scientist than Galileo. This deduction indicates his place in the history of science.