chapter  1
Buddhist Ethics by Prof. O. H. de A. Wijesekera
Pages 19

Oswald Spengler who perhaps ranks as the greatest philosophical student of world culture believes that Buddhism, which for him expresses 'the basic feeling of Indian civilization', 'rejects all speculation about God and the cosmic problems; only self and the conduct of actual life are important to it'. 4 Such statements as these emphasizing the ethical importance

of the Buddha's teaching can be quoted from numerous other authorities. But to any unbiassed and careful student of religion or philosophy it would be needless to stress this importance too much, for, as we shall attempt to show in this paper, Early Buddhism-by which term we generally refer to the doctrines as found in the dialogues of the major Nikayas-presents a unique synthesis of ethics and philosophy, of morality and knowledge, of action and thought.