chapter  1
Cardinal Features of Buddhist Thought
Pages 10

To understand the word 'Nirvana' one must be acquainted with the other major tenets of Buddhism. For on a conceptual level (but not on an experientallevel) Nirvana is an important part of a well-integrated philosophical system. Thus to begin our discussion of Nirvana let us first speak of its antithesis, samsara, the so-called 'world of becoming'. In Buddhism the word 'samsara' designates the entire universe of physical and psychological existence-time, space, matter, thought, emotion, volition, perception, karma, etc.