APPENDIX B The Pāḷi Alphabet
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K and g are always hard; c like ch in church; t, 9 and 1). nearly like English t, d and n, but with the tip of the tongue turned back, whereas t, d and n are pronounced with the tip of the tongue touching the upper front teeth; y as y inyes; s as s in sigh; nlike ng in song; J!1-the niggahita-is now pronounced similarly, though once it indicated nasalization of the vowel as in French.