chapter  6
39 Pages

THE PICTURE-FRUSTRATION STUDY OF THE LEVEL OF OPPRESSION

Wecanthereforesummarizetheevidenceobtained,andthat stilltobecalledfromthestudyofequatedsamplesofDisplaced PersonsinU.N.R.R.A.camps,whichwillbemysubjectofthe presentchapter:

Weknowthatahigherlevelofoppressionproducesahigher rateofdelinquency; wehavesomeindicationthatitalsoproducesstrongerextrapunitivetendencies,butwehavetomakeamoredetailedanalysis ofthisproblem,andtoseewhetherthedifferencesaresignificant;

ifwecanproduceevidencethathigherlevelsofoppressionproducesignificantlystrongerextrapunitivetendencies,weshallalreadyknowthemeaningofthisfinding,sinceweknowthatstrong extrapunitivenessisassociatedwithantisocialbehaviour.Wecannotsaythatallextrapunitiveindividualsarenecessarilyantisocial,butwehaveseenthattheirtypeofreactiontofrustration istypicalofthedelinquent.Theremay,ofcourse,benumerous casesinwhichstrongextrapunitivetendencieswillnotleadto delinquency,buttootherexpressionsofaggressiondirectedoutwards.Delinquencyisonlyoneoftheseexpressions.1