Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of Quantum Dots
Progress in the fabrication of high quality optical cavities operating with semiconductor-based active media has promoted the semiconductor quantum optics. The materials interaction with coherent electromagnetic field is a subject of quantum electrodynamics (QED), a well developed science after discovery of lasers. Many of the QED areas incorporate atomic physics, classical electrodynamics, and quantum field theory. The chapter reviews basics of the Cavity QED (CQED) and several results in the field mostly related to the quantum dots. In optical version of CQED one drives the cavity with a laser and monitors changes in the cavity transmission resulting from coupling to atoms falling through the cavity. The high degree of coherence which could be achieved in modern CQED experiments makes them a basis for quantum control and quantum computing. Quantum technology show great potential for revolutionizing the methods for collecting and distributing information.