chapter  12
4 Pages

Mosaics

Mosaics made of small, equal-sized cubes of coloured stones and marbles {opus tessellatum), arranged in . . . lines [not always straight] in their beds of cement, became gradually known to the Greek world during the decades following the conquests of Alexander III the Great in the fourth century BC. Probably the idea came from the east, although Sicilian origin has also been suggested. The predominant conception was reminiscent of textiles [see end of Chapter n ] — although now the idea was transferred to a more permanent medium.