chapter  2
Wars and Crises since 1945: The Overall Record Causes of the decline of international war 33 The problem of civil war and other forms of conflict 35 The scope of Council action and inaction 37 Unintended effects of ceasefire demands, peace agreements and
Pages 16

The Security Council has been involved in an extraordinary range of activities relating to war, from monitoring and mediation to the use of force and long-term reconstruction of political and social institutions after conflict. It has operated in a period in which there have been profound changes in the incidence and character of war, to which it has itself sometimes contributed, and to which it has had to adapt and respond with innovative measures.