Whether tending to a top-down or more bottom-up attitude, masterplanners are more likely nowadays not to prescribe a rigid blueprint, but will create a performative set of tools with the aim of incubating the future. As integrated sets of principles, they add utopias, not one single utopia, to a city or region’s
accompanied by a lot of open debate, a good degree of openendedness, and must relate closely to an individual context. Furthermore, it must respond generously to the innate presence of difference of all kinds found in all cities and regions. For example, traditionally, the arsenal of approaches adopted by conventional architectural practice possessed limited scope for responses to ecological crisis, and the beginnings of localised, biodiverse adaptations to those practices is one major indicator of change in masterplan thinking.