26 Pages

Rural Settlement

Process studies lay emphasis on three goals: the development of an understanding of the general processes at work in generating geographical change; second, an understanding of the way these operate in specific situations by means of behavioural stance. leading to what has been termed 'the dynamics of historical change and of social groups in conflict' (Baker and Billinge, 1982, p. 238); and thirdly, the possibility of creating some conceptual and theoretical frameworks. None of these, of course, are exclusive categories. In practice, while particular processes acting upon and affecting individual settlements are singularly diverse in character, they do, nonetheless, engender a surprisingly limited number of chang'es. These may be listed as:

2. Conditions of expansion. involving both accretion to existing entities as well as diffusion and active colonisation, often associated with increasing individuality (Jones, M., 1977; McIntosh, 1981; Jamieson et a1., 1983; Wonders. 1983)·;

reorganisation and ex situ replacement, and often increasing communality (Sutton, 1981; Gant, 1982; Gade and Escobar, 1982; Lovell, 1983; Dilsaver, 1985);

. . ,

Fi gu

re 1

0. 1:


ttl em

en t

Fe at

ur es

a lo

ng a


ra ns

ec t

es le

rt on

P ar

is h.