Although the stalking of others with the intent to cause distress and/or harm has appeared in history and literature through the ages. Western society's concern with stalking is relatively new. Many employees and employers struggled to cope with the problem with limited knowledge or resources for assistance. Stalking can be a type of workplace harassment and violence. Managers of organizations do not need to become fully knowledgeable about all of the management and criminal law issues related to stalking. Online stalking has begun to appear on electronic computer bulletin board systems. Stalking behavior in the workplace comes from four primary sources: organizational employees, organizational clients, organizational vendors, and individuals unrelated to the organization. Organizations are best not diverted into determining if the behavior meets the legal criteria of stalking, which is the realm of legal and law enforcement.