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Using Interdependent Group Contingencies with Randomly Selected Criteria and Paired Reading to Enhance Class-Wide Reading Performance

School psychologists have become involved in preventing and remedying academic skills deficits (Shapiro, 1996). Reading skill deficits are more common than any other academic skills deficits (Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998). Students who have difficulty reading are likely to experience learning problems across content areas (e.g., history, mathematics, literature) grade levels, and throughout their vocational careers (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2000).