The conclusion consolidates the central argument made in this book, that masculinity and gender are vital considerations in the study of contemporary slavery and subsequent freedom. This focuses on the ways in which men who have been freed from a system of bonded labour, have to navigate an increasing diversity of ways of being a man, which many fail to do. This resonates more widely with some of the masculinities and development studies literature. The conclusion contextualises this failure within a context of the failure of gender performances more widely (Butler 1990), and also the failure of freedom to live up to expectations. Failure will not be viewed as representing a crisis of masculinity but of a ‘normal’ facet of the uneven performance of subaltern masculinities.