chapter  2
Protection for the duration of risk, temporary residence and naturalisation
WithMaria O’Sullivan
Pages 23

This chapter examines the way in which cessation fits in with the broader issues in refugee law, in particular, the meaning of protection. In the period following World War II, the emphasis of refugee protection was on two types of durable solutions: integration in the country of asylum and resettlement. As a result of the Cold War, asylum states developed an ‘exilic bias’ in their treatment of refugees due to self-interest and political strategy. Integration was particularly common in Europe during this Cold War period. Group-based temporary protection is utilised extensively in Africa. The nature of the persecution from which refugees tend to flee in Africa has tended to produce situations of mass influx. Many of these conflicts have been of a long-standing nature, leading to Africa having a substantial number of what United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees categorises as ‘protracted refugee situations’.