chapter  5
Introspection
Pages 19

William James saw no problem: 'The word introspection need hardly be defined - it means, of course, the looking into our own minds and reporting what we there discover' (James, 1890). For Wundt it was the observation of the contents of consciousness, self-observation (Selbstbeobaclztung), as distinct from self-perception or inner perception (innere Walzrnemung). Natsoulas (1970) describes it as 'a relatively neutral term for the process(es) whereby one arrives on the spot at introspective awareness ... process(es) whereby one acquires on-the-spot beliefs or convictions concerning his mental episodes'. Essentially, introspection is noting, and being in a position to report on, mental states and processes.