chapter  12
6 Pages

Insertion of Hortus Malabaricus in the botanical literature

WithJ. Heniger

In the 19th century several botanists, such as Dennstedt, Hamilton, Dillwyn, and Hasskarl, published keys to Hortus Malabaricus, which were based partly on discussions and citations of the botanical literature since Linnaeus and partly on their own observations in Malabar or elsewhere in Asia. A special place is taken by Dalgado's key, dealing with the medical aspect of Hortus Malabaricus. Although Breyne's Centuria Prima contains no references to Hortus Malabaricus, in the long run it did begin to play a part in its insertion in the literature, because later botanists identified a number of the descriptions and illustrations in this work with Malabar plants. The insertion proceeded somewhat chaotically, because, as has already been set forth in the discussion of Commelin's commentaries, Ray's plant system was not analogous to the publication scheme of Hortus Malabaricus. The importance of the Ceylon botanist Paul Hermann for Hortus Malabaricus has already been referred to repeatedly.