chapter  4
7 Pages

The elements of early African civilization

Writing occurred in Kemet about the same time as the First Dynasty. It is believed that writing was invented around 3400 BCE in Kemet, about 300 years before we see a cuneiform system of writing on clay tablets in Mesopotamia, today’s Iraq. In Kemet writing was done on almost any type of surface, but the favorite was papyrus, a reed that grew in the Nile, now found far south of Egypt in Sudan. Immediately writing served three purposes:

1 recording of historical events; 2 communication between the king, priests, and scribes; 3 literary and instructional writings.