chapter  8
23 Pages

The Sudanic empires: Historians and their narratives

Four historians who wrote in Arabic are responsible for much of what we know about the Sudanic empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. They are Abd al-Rahman ibn Mohammad ibn Khaldun, Ibn Battuta, Chihab Addine Abul-Abbas Ahmad ben Fadhl al-Umari, and Leo Africanus.