chapter  15
29 Pages

Toward a United States of Africa without compromise: Creation of the African Union

In 1948 Cheikh Anta Diop, a young Senegalese, proposed to a group of African students in Paris that the new intelligentsia should work toward an African renaissance. The basis of this renaissance in Diop’s mind would be a new construction of the sciences and social sciences disconnected from the theories and doctrines of white racial superiority that had led to enslavement and colonization. Finding inspiration from the Négritudinists, including his fellow Senegalese Léopold Senghor, Cheikh Anta Diop believed that they were correct to call for an appreciation of things African but that they needed to have a scientific foundation. It was his mission, as he understood his role at the time, and as he said to Alioune Diop, the editor of Présence Africaine, to provide a platform from which new energies toward African renaissance could be launched.