chapter  7
23 Pages

Drug abuse

Within both lCD 10 (WHO, 1992) and DSM IV (APA, 1994) a distinction is made between drug abuse which refers to drug taking that leads to personal harm and drug dependence which refers to those situations where there is a compulsive pattern of use that may involve physiological changes that accompany the phenomena of tolerance and withdrawal. Definitions of abuse and dependence are given in Figure 7.1.