Three Centuries of Colonial Rule, 1521–1810
THIS CHAPTER BEGINS WITH A DESCRIPTION OF HOW SPANIARDS EXTENDED their realm beyond the former Aztec capital. It then considers the special institutions established to administer a colony an ocean away from the seat of imperial power in Madrid. Next is a description of how a thin overlay of Spanish culture and control in the sixteenth century evolved to yield a new Mexican culture while at the same time preserving indigenous cultures. Concluding the chapter is a discussion of the Catholic Church, which rather than being separate from the state was inextricably bound to it.