The Mexican Revolution, 1910–1916
THIS CHAPTER CONCERNS AN EVENT THAT WOULD FORM THE BACKDROP for Mexican politics throughout the twentieth century-the Mexican Revolution. The Revolution began with the 1911 overthrow of Díaz and the election of Francisco Madero. Mexico’s elected president was challenged by several armed groups and finally removed from office by a 1913 military coup. The coup installed a military regime headed by General Victoriano Huerta. Armed groups in northern Mexico sprang up in opposition to the new regime. These challengers drove Huerta from office but then began to fight among themselves for power. Finally after bitter fighting, forces led by Venustiano Carranza emerged victorious. The chapter concludes with descriptions of the economic impact of the Revolution and of how the United States repeatedly attempted to determine its outcome.