After Cárdenas, 1940–1970
THIS CHAPTER CONSIDERS MEXICO’S SHIFTING FROM REFORM AND SOCIAL JUSTICE to economic development. Mexico joined the Allies in World War II. The official political party changed its name to the Revolutionary Institutional Party (PRI) and built a virtually unbeatable political machine. Dissent was forced into the streets and plazas, where tragically students were gunned down in 1968. Society urbanized, was educated, and grew in numbers-all at unprecedented rates. Several elements came together to produce rapid economic growth-a phenomenon known as the Mexican Economic Miracle. Finally, the chapter considers how relations warmed between the United States and Mexico as wartime alliance and cooperation on issues such as immigration led to mutual benefit.