Politics in Times of Crisis, 1971–2000
THIS CHAPTER CONSIDERS MAJOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CHANGES that set the stage for Mexico’s entry into the twenty-first century. Politically Mexico evolved from a one-party, PRI-dominated nation to one where multiple parties competed for office. The role of the state shifted away from guiding economic development and assuming the responsibility for social welfare. This chapter concludes by considering societal changes including increased education, increased income concentration, increased female participation in the labor force, and the population’s more than doubling.