Cognitive ability II: Educational outcomes
Definitions of intelligence offered in Chapter 3 include references to learning quickly, solving problems, the ability to make connections, thinking abstractly, comprehending complex ideas, and reasoning. Similarly, cognitive ability is important to knowledge acquisition, more quickly understanding new ideas and using more effective problem-solving strategies (Baumert et al. 2009: 172). All these skills are involved in some form or other in educational settings, so it is expected that cognitive ability has a strong relationship with a range of educational outcomes.